Area’s low birth weight rate higher than national

One in 12 babies born in West Lindsey were underweight EMN-190130-080743001
One in 12 babies born in West Lindsey were underweight EMN-190130-080743001

One in 12 West Lindsey babies are born underweight, new figures have revealed.

Data from the office of National Statistics reveals, in West Lindsey, 76 newborns weighed under 5.5 lbs, which is considered to be the minimum healthy weight, in 2017.

That is 8.7 per cent of the births in West Lindsey over the year.

Across Lincolnshire, the figure is one in 15 babies; 494 newborns weighing below 5.5lbs

The Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health says underweight babies are more likely to develop some health conditions, such as heart disease or diabetes, in adulthood.

The NHS says maternity services can identify mothers at risk of having underweight babies, and refer them for help and support.

Gergely Toldi, from the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, said low birth weight can be caused by numerous factors.

He said: “Prematurity is often associated with a low birth weight because the baby had less time to grow in the womb.

“However, babies born at term can also be small due to either a disease in the baby or a problem with the placenta, leading to insufficient nutrient and oxygen supply.

“Babies born with a low birth weight have an increased risk for developing certain diseases in adulthood, such as heart disease, chronic kidney disease and diabetes.”

Mothers suffering from high blood pressure, or smoking or drinking alcohol during pregnancy, are more likely to have babies weighing 5.5 lbs.

Across England and Wales, 7 per cent of babies were underweight at birth in 2017, 47,228 in total.

That is a drop of three per cent compared with the number in 2016.

In Walsall, in the West Midlands, 11.2 per cent of babies were underweight, the highest rate in England and Wales.

The Vale of White Horse, in South East England, registered the lowest, with only 3.6 per cent of babies under 5.5 lbs.

An NHS spokesman said: “Effective maternity services commissioned by Clinical Commissioning Groups can identify and address such issues within pregnancy either directly, or by referral.

“Even where the relevant service is not commissioned by a CCG, for example, smoking cessation, the identification and referral of women with a need for such support falls within the role of maternity services.

“If the number of full-term live births with a low birth weight within an area is disproportionately high, CCGs should consider the reasons for this and what actions they should take to address it.”

In West Lindsey, there were 871 births in 2017 - 470 boys and 401 girls.

There were 60 newborns for every 1,000 women aged 15 to 44 in the area, compared with an average of 61 in England and Wales.

In neighbouring East Lindsey, there were 1,186 births in 2017 - 618 boys and 568 girls.

There were 63 newborns for every 1,000 women aged 15 to 44 in the area.

One in 17 of these babies (71) were born underweight, which is six per cent of births.