What happened this week in history

Actor, writer and  presenter Stephen Fry was born on August 24, 1957.
Actor, writer and presenter Stephen Fry was born on August 24, 1957.

In 79AD, Mount Vesuvius erupted and buried the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum in hot volcanic ash.

1456 - The printing of the Gutenberg Bible was completed.

1608 - The first official English representative to India landed in Surat.

1814 - British forces captured Washington DC and set the White House on fire.

1853 - George Crumm made the world’s first deep fried chips.

1875 - Captain Matthew Webb became the first person to swim the English Channel.

1891 - Thomas Edison patented the motion picture camera.

1907 - The Singer Building in New York became the world’s tallest building for a short time.

1931 - The Labour government collapsed. It had been weakened by the severe economic crisis hitting Britain at the time.

1931 - Gangster Al Capone was sentenced to 11 years in prison for tax evasion in Chicago, Illinois.

1932 - Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly across the United States non-stop, from Los Angeles to Newark, New Jersey.

1946 - Maisie Dunn wore a bikini on a beach in Newquay. She was the first to wear one on a British beach.

1947 - Edinburgh launched its first International Festival of Music and Drama.

1954 - Eisenhower outlawed the Communist Party in America.

1964 - The Catholic mass was said in English rather than Latin for the first time.

1971 - The Indian cricket team beat England to record their first victory on English soil.

1981 - Mark David Chapman was jailed for murdering John Lennon.

1990 - Irish hostage Brian Keenan was released in Beirut after spending 1,597 days in captivity.

1998 - Melton Mowbray turned to the EU for protection against inferior pork pie manufacturers using the town’s name.

1999 - Nicklaas Amsterdam celebrated his 112th birthday near Johannesburg in South Africa. He claimed his secret for a long life was celibacy.