In 997 - The English, led by Byrhtnoth, Ealdorman of Essex, were defeated by a band of inland-raiding Vikings near Maldon, Essex.
1519 - Ferdinand Magellan’s fleet set out to attempt to circumnavigate the globe.
1675 - Kings Charles II laid the foundation stone of the Royal Observatory at Greenwich.
1889 - The screw bottle top was patented by Dan Rylands of Hope Gas Works in Yorkshire.
1895 - The first Proms Concert was held at the Queen’s Hall, London, and was conducted by Henry Wood.
1897 - The Royal Automobile Club (RAC) was founded.
1900 - The first David Cup was won by America.
1911 - British MPs voted to receive salaries for the first time. They were set at £400.
1914 - Olympia in London’s Kensington, was converted into a concentration for Germans in Britain.
1950 - Henry Ross kayaked across the English Channel in a record four hours and seven minutes.
1961 - Britain formally applied for membership of the EEC.
1963 - 13-year-old Stevie Wonder started a three-week run at number one in the American charts with Fingertips Part II. He was the youngest singer ever to top the US singles chart.
1977 - The Queen visited Northern Ireland for the first time in 11 years as part of her Silver Jubilee tour.
1984 - Mary Decker was tripped by Zola Budd, in the Olympic 3,000m final.
1990 - The Magellan space probe arrived at Venus after a 15-month journey from Earth and started its mission to map the global warming ‘hell-hole’.
1994 - The last British troops left Hong Kong (there since September 1841)
2003 - Britain recorded its hottest day ever as the temperature soared to 38.1C (100.6F) in Gravesend, Kent. It was the first time the United Kingdom had recorded a temperature more than 100 °F (38 °C).
2003 – Yuri Malenchenko became the first person to marry in outer space.
2011 - Rioting continued in English cities, with reports of looting, arson and violence in Manchester. Birmingham, Liverpool and Nottingham.