In 1842, Dr William Brydon, an assistant surgeon in the British East India Company Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, became famous for being the sole survivor of an army of 4,500 men and 12,000 camp followers when he reached the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad, Afghanistan.
1854 - Anthony Foss patented the accordion.
1863 - Thomas Crapper pioneered the one-piece pedestal flushing toilet.
1893 - The Independent Labour Party of the United Kingdom held its first meeting.
1910 - The first public radio broadcast took place when a live performance of the opera Cavalleria Rusticana was sent out over the airwaves from the Metropolitan Opera House in New York.
1926 - Author, and creator of Paddington Bear, Michael Bond was born in Newbury.
1938 - The Church of England accepted the theory of evolution.
1942 - Henry Ford patented a plastic automobile, 30 percent lighter than a regular car.
1942 - The first use of an aircraft ejection seat, by a German test pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter.
1957 - The Wham-O Company developed the first ever frisbee.
1960 - The Gulag system of forced labour camps in the Soviet Union was officially abolished.
1964 - Karol Wojtyla, the future Pope John Paul II, was appointed Archbishop of Kraków, Poland.
1966 - Robert C Weaver became the first African American cabinet member when he was appointed United States Secretary of housing and urban development.
1982 - Shortly after takeoff, Air Florida Flight 90, a Boeing 737 jet, crashed into Washington, DC’s 14th Street Bridge and fell into the Potomac River, killing 78 people, including four motorists.
1993 - The first British soldier was killed in Bosnia.
2004 - Serial killer Harold Shipman was found hanged in his cell at Wakefield Prison.
2012 - The passenger cruise ship Costa Concordia sunk off the coast of Italy. There were 32 confirmed deaths among the 4,232 passengers and crew.