What happened this week in history

Musician Harry Judd EMN-151216-083937001
Musician Harry Judd EMN-151216-083937001

In 1815 - Emma by Jane Austen was published by John Murray in London

1834 - English architect Joseph Hansom patented his ‘safety cab’. It became known as the hansom cab.

1834 - The hair straightener was patented by Sarah Breedlove. She became America’s first self-made millionairess.

1888 - After a quarrel with Paul Gaugin, Vincent Van Gogh cut off his left earlobe.

1919 - The first hospital ship was launched. It was built to move wounded navel personnel.

1922 - The BBC began daily news broadcasts.

1937 - The first flight of the Vickers Wellington bomber took place.

1947 - The transistor was first demonstrated at Bell Laboratories.

1954 - The first successful kidney transplant was performed by J Hartwell Harrison and Joseph Murray at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts.

1957 - Tom and Jerry released their first single, Hey Schoolgirl. They later changed their names to record as Simon and Garfunkel.

1958 - Dedication of Tokyo Tower, the world’s highest self-supporting iron tower.

1965 - A 70-mph speed limit was introduced in Britain.

1966 - The final edition of music show Ready, Steady, Go was broadcast.

1968 - Borman, Lovell and Anders became the first men to orbit the Moon.

1970 - The North Tower of the World Trade Center in Manhattan, New York, was topped out at 1,368 feet (417m), making it the tallest building in the world.

1972 - The 16 survivors of the Andes flight disaster were rescued after 73 days, having survived by cannibalism.

1980 - St Winifred’s School Choir was number one with There’s No One Quite Like Grandma.

1982 - The first television wristwatch was marketed.

1986 - Voyager, piloted by Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager, landed at Edwards Air Force Base in California, becoming the first aircraft to fly non-stop around the world without aerial or ground refuelling.

1990 - Cliff Richard’s Saviour’s Day was number 1.