In 1815 - Emma by Jane Austen was published by John Murray in London
1834 - English architect Joseph Hansom patented his ‘safety cab’. It became known as the hansom cab.
1834 - The hair straightener was patented by Sarah Breedlove. She became America’s first self-made millionairess.
1888 - After a quarrel with Paul Gaugin, Vincent Van Gogh cut off his left earlobe.
1919 - The first hospital ship was launched. It was built to move wounded navel personnel.
1922 - The BBC began daily news broadcasts.
1937 - The first flight of the Vickers Wellington bomber took place.
1947 - The transistor was first demonstrated at Bell Laboratories.
1954 - The first successful kidney transplant was performed by J Hartwell Harrison and Joseph Murray at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts.
1957 - Tom and Jerry released their first single, Hey Schoolgirl. They later changed their names to record as Simon and Garfunkel.
1958 - Dedication of Tokyo Tower, the world’s highest self-supporting iron tower.
1965 - A 70-mph speed limit was introduced in Britain.
1966 - The final edition of music show Ready, Steady, Go was broadcast.
1968 - Borman, Lovell and Anders became the first men to orbit the Moon.
1970 - The North Tower of the World Trade Center in Manhattan, New York, was topped out at 1,368 feet (417m), making it the tallest building in the world.
1972 - The 16 survivors of the Andes flight disaster were rescued after 73 days, having survived by cannibalism.
1980 - St Winifred’s School Choir was number one with There’s No One Quite Like Grandma.
1982 - The first television wristwatch was marketed.
1986 - Voyager, piloted by Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager, landed at Edwards Air Force Base in California, becoming the first aircraft to fly non-stop around the world without aerial or ground refuelling.
1990 - Cliff Richard’s Saviour’s Day was number 1.