In 1492, A false cry of ‘Land ho!’ and a sighting of land birds caused Christopher Columbus to change course and miss Florida.
1806 - The first carbon paper was patented by Ralph Wedgewood.
1900 - The term ‘orienteering’ was used for the first time.
1913 - Henry Ford instituted the moving assembly line.
1919 - KLM was established in Holland and the first London to Amsterdam airline service inaugurated. It is now the world’s oldest existing airline.
1920 - Oxford University began admitting full-time women students to its degree courses.
1922 - Mrs W H Felton of Georgia became America’s first female senator.
1922 - The first royal radio broadcast took place, with the Prince of Wales on 2LO.
1929 - Ramsay MacDonald became the first British premier to address US Congress.
1942 - The United States and British governments announced the establishment of the United Nations.
1946 - Woman’s Hour and Dick Barton, Special Agent began on BBC Radio.
1949 - The German Democratic of East Germany was established.
1951 - David Ben-Gurion formed the Israeli government and became the country’s first Prime Minister.
1954 - IBM demonstrated the first calculator.
1958 - The first photograph of the far side of the Moon was transmitted from the Soviet Lunik I.
1959 - Three-hundred people had to be rescued after being cut off by a blaze on Southend Pier.
1965 - A 50mph gust of wind propelled Robert Mitera’s tee shot 447 yards to record the world’s longest hole-in-one.
1981 - The first domestic satellite dish was launched with a demonstration at Kensington Roof Gardens.
1986 - The Independent was published for the first time.
2000 - England lost 1-0 to Germany in their last game at Wembley Stadium before it was demolished.
2003 - Actor Arnold Schwarzenegger was elected Governor of California.