What happened this week in history

Jayne Torvill EMN-150929-132105001
Jayne Torvill EMN-150929-132105001

In 1492, A false cry of ‘Land ho!’ and a sighting of land birds caused Christopher Columbus to change course and miss Florida.

1806 - The first carbon paper was patented by Ralph Wedgewood.

1900 - The term ‘orienteering’ was used for the first time.

1913 - Henry Ford instituted the moving assembly line.

1919 - KLM was established in Holland and the first London to Amsterdam airline service inaugurated. It is now the world’s oldest existing airline.

1920 - Oxford University began admitting full-time women students to its degree courses.

1922 - Mrs W H Felton of Georgia became America’s first female senator.

1922 - The first royal radio broadcast took place, with the Prince of Wales on 2LO.

1929 - Ramsay MacDonald became the first British premier to address US Congress.

1942 - The United States and British governments announced the establishment of the United Nations.

1946 - Woman’s Hour and Dick Barton, Special Agent began on BBC Radio.

1949 - The German Democratic of East Germany was established.

1951 - David Ben-Gurion formed the Israeli government and became the country’s first Prime Minister.

1954 - IBM demonstrated the first calculator.

1958 - The first photograph of the far side of the Moon was transmitted from the Soviet Lunik I.

1959 - Three-hundred people had to be rescued after being cut off by a blaze on Southend Pier.

1965 - A 50mph gust of wind propelled Robert Mitera’s tee shot 447 yards to record the world’s longest hole-in-one.

1981 - The first domestic satellite dish was launched with a demonstration at Kensington Roof Gardens.

1986 - The Independent was published for the first time.

2000 - England lost 1-0 to Germany in their last game at Wembley Stadium before it was demolished.

2003 - Actor Arnold Schwarzenegger was elected Governor of California.