In 1087 - William I (The Conqueror) died after falling from his horse. William Rufus became King of England, taking the title William II. He reigned until 1100.
1513 - The Scots were defeated by the English at the Battle of Flodden Field. James IV of Scotland died. He became the last monarch from all of Great Britain to be killed in battle.
1543 - Mary Stuart, at nine months old, was crowned “Queen of Scots” in Stirling.
1791 - Washington D C, the capital of the United States, was named after President George Washington.
1850 - California became the 31st state of the USA.
1884 - Antoine Feuchtwanger invented the hot dog.
1896 - The first cardiac surgery was performed by Louis Rehn in Germany on a young man who had been stabbed in a tavern brawl. He survived.
1911 - Britain’s first air mail service began. It operated between Hendon and Windsor.
1835 - Local government in Britain was constituted under the British Municipal Corporations Act.
1839 - John Herschel took the first glass plate photograph.
1914 - The Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade was created; the first fully mechanized unit in the British Army.
1939 - Burmese national hero U Ottama died in prison after a hunger strike to protest against Britain’s colonial government.
1940 - George Stibitz pioneered the first remote operation of a computer.
1944 - Allied forces liberated Luxembourg.
1948 - Kim II Sung declared the establishment of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
1970 - A British airliner was hijacked by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and flown to Dawson’s Field in Jordan.
1975 - 18-year-old Czech tennis player Martina Navratilova defected to the West.
1991 - Tajikistan declared independence from the Soviet Union.
1999 - Sega released the first 128-bit video game console, the Dreamcast.