What happened this week in history

Alison Steadman EMN-150818-141105001
Alison Steadman EMN-150818-141105001

In 55BC - Julius Caesar landed in Britain.

1346 - The British introduced the longbow into warfare.

1768 - Captain James Cook set sail from England on board HMS Endeavour.

1791 - John Fitch was granted a United States patent for the steamboat.

1910 - Agnes Gonxha 
Bojaxhiu, later Mother Teresa, was born in Skopje Ottoman Empire.

1912 - The highest British August rainfall was recorded, when six inches fell in 12 hours in Norwich.

1920 - Women in the USA were given the right to vote.

1936 - The BBC broadcast its first full television programme.

1952 - A British Canberra bomber made the first trans-Atlantic round-trip in a day, breaking all records.

1954 - Tolkien published ‘The Fellowship of the Ring’.

1959 - The British Motor Corporation introduced the Morris Mini-Minor, designed by Alec Issigonis. It was only 10 feet long, but seated four 

1963 - Cilla Black made her first major concert appearance on the same bill as ‘The Beatles’, at the Odeon Cinema in Southport.

1970 - Jimi Hendrix made his last public appearance, topping the bill at the Isle of Wight Festival.

1978 - Albino Luciani was elected as Pope John Paul I.

1978 - Sigmund Jähn became the first German cosmonaut, on board Soyuz 31.

1985 - A report cleared the French government and secret service of involvement in the sinking of the Rainbow Warrior.

1985 - Bare-foot runner Zola Budd broken the world 5,000m record at London’s Crystal Palace. She completed the distance in 14 minutes and 48.07 seconds - 10 seconds faster than the previous record.

1994 - Arthur Cornhill was given the world’s first battery-operated heart at the world-famous Papworth Hospital in Cambridgeshire. He died from kidney failure nine months after the operation.

1999 - American athlete Michael Johnson broke the 400 metre world record with a time of 43.18 seconds. The record still stands.