What happened this week in history

Billy J Kramer EMN-151108-124118001
Billy J Kramer EMN-151108-124118001

In 1274 - The Coronation of Edward 1 took place.

1561 - Mary, Queen of Scots, who was 18-years-old, returned to Scotland after spending 13 years in France.

1612 - Three women from the Lancashire village of Samlesbury were put on trial, accused of practicing 
witchcraft, one of the most famous witch trials in British history.

1692 - A clergyman and five women were convicted of witchcraft and executed in 
Salem, Massachusetts.

1745 - Prince Charles 
Edward Stuart raised his standard in Glenfinnan: The start of the Second Jacobite Rebellion, known as “the 45”.

1861 - First ascent of Weisshorn, fifth highest summit in the Alps.

1888 - The first beauty contest was held in Spa, Belgium.

1897 - Electric cabs 
appeared in London. They were withdrawn in 1900 because they proved to be too 
uneconomical.

1919 - Afghanistan gained full independence from the United Kingdom.

1934 - Al Capone was sent to Alcatraz.

1934 - The creation of the position Führer was approved by the German electorate with 89.9% of the popular vote.

1944 - Liberation of Paris: Paris rose against German 
occupation with the help of 
Allied troops.

1946 - Footballers threatened to strike for a minimum weekly wage of £7.

1960 - Penguin Books received a summons in response to their plans to publish ‘Lady Chatterley’s Lover’.

1970 - The 1,000th episode of ‘Coronation Street’ aired.

1978 - An American team became the first to cross the Atlantic in a balloon. The team braved icy winds in their 
helium balloon and lived off hot dogs and tins of sardines.

1979 - Two cosmonauts 
returned to earth after a record 175 days in space.

1987 - Sixteen people were shot dead at random by Michael Ryan in Hungerford, Berkshire. At the time, it was Britain’s worst-ever civil shooting disaster.

1989 - Poland became the first East European country to end one-party rule, when a coalition government was formed.