In 1274 - The Coronation of Edward 1 took place.
1561 - Mary, Queen of Scots, who was 18-years-old, returned to Scotland after spending 13 years in France.
1612 - Three women from the Lancashire village of Samlesbury were put on trial, accused of practicing witchcraft, one of the most famous witch trials in British history.
1692 - A clergyman and five women were convicted of witchcraft and executed in Salem, Massachusetts.
1745 - Prince Charles Edward Stuart raised his standard in Glenfinnan: The start of the Second Jacobite Rebellion, known as “the 45”.
1861 - First ascent of Weisshorn, fifth highest summit in the Alps.
1888 - The first beauty contest was held in Spa, Belgium.
1897 - Electric cabs appeared in London. They were withdrawn in 1900 because they proved to be too uneconomical.
1919 - Afghanistan gained full independence from the United Kingdom.
1934 - Al Capone was sent to Alcatraz.
1934 - The creation of the position Führer was approved by the German electorate with 89.9% of the popular vote.
1944 - Liberation of Paris: Paris rose against German occupation with the help of Allied troops.
1946 - Footballers threatened to strike for a minimum weekly wage of £7.
1960 - Penguin Books received a summons in response to their plans to publish ‘Lady Chatterley’s Lover’.
1970 - The 1,000th episode of ‘Coronation Street’ aired.
1978 - An American team became the first to cross the Atlantic in a balloon. The team braved icy winds in their helium balloon and lived off hot dogs and tins of sardines.
1979 - Two cosmonauts returned to earth after a record 175 days in space.
1987 - Sixteen people were shot dead at random by Michael Ryan in Hungerford, Berkshire. At the time, it was Britain’s worst-ever civil shooting disaster.
1989 - Poland became the first East European country to end one-party rule, when a coalition government was formed.