In 30 BC - Cleopatra VII Philopator, the last ruler of the Egyptian Ptolemaic dynasty, committed suicide, allegedly by means of an asp bite.
1812 - Dr Joseph Lister became the first surgeon to use disinfectant during an operation.
1851 - Isaac Singer is granted a patent for his sewing machine.
1851 - The American schooner ‘America’ won a yacht race around the Isle of Wight, leading to the creation of the America’s Cup event.
1877 - Thomas Edison recorded ‘Mary Had a Little Lamb’ on a gramophone. It was the first recording of its kind.
1883 - The quagga in Amsterdam Zoo died. It was a member of the horse family and the last of its species in the world.
1908 - The first Model T Ford was manufactured.
1914 - Britain declared war on Austria-Hungary; the countries of the British Empire followed suit.
1949 - Big Ben lost four and a half minutes after starlings perched on the minute hand. It was the slowest the clock had been in 90 years.
1960 - Pete Best passed an audition at the Wyvern Social Club and joined The Beatles in time for their trip to Hamburg.
1964 - Great Train Robber Charlie Wilson escaped from Winson Green Prison. He was on the run for four years before being re-captured in Canada and returned to jail.
1964 - South Africa was banned from the Olympic Games due to the country’s racist policies.
1966 - The Beatles started their last ever tour, beginning in Chicago.
1969 - Protestant-Catholic unrest broke out in Northern Ireland, resulting in the British government taking responsibility for security in Ulster.
1980 - A panda was born naturally in captivity in Mexico. It was the first giant panda to be born outside China.
1981 - IBM introduced the personal computer.
1990 - The largest and most complete Tyrannosaurus Rex skeleton found to date was discovered by Sue Hendrickson in South Dakota.