In 1100 - Henry I was crowned King in Westminster Abbey.
1305 - William Wallace, who led the Scottish resistance to England, was captured by the English near Glasgow and transported to London for trial and execution.
1583 - Sir Humphrey Gilbert established the first English colony in North America, at what is now St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador.
1620 - The Mayflower departed from Southampton, on its first attempt to reach North America.
1858 - The first trans- Atlantic cable opened. Queen Victoria exchanged greetings with American President Buchanan.
1891 - The first American Express traveller’s cheque was cashed.
1925 - Plaid Cymru was formed with the aim of disseminating knowledge of the Welsh language, which was seen as in danger of dying out.
1926 - Harry Houdini performed his greatest feat, spending 91 minutes underwater in a sealed tank before escaping.
1936 - Jesse Owens won a gold medal in the 200m at the Berlin Olympics; his third in three days.
1957 - Newspaper comic strip “Andy Capp”, created by Reg Smythe, made its debut.
1960 - Burkina Faso, then known as Upper Volta, became independent from France.
1962 - Nelson Mandela was arrested and sentenced to life imprisonment, for attempting to overthrow the South African government.
1962 -Marilyn Monroe was found dead in her bed, with an empty bottle of sleeping tablets by her side.
1963 - Britain, USA and the USSR signed the nuclear test ban treaty, contracting to only test nuclear weapons underground.
1968 - Californian Governor Ronald Reagan announced his intention to run for President.
1970 - penalties were used in a tie break for the first time in English football.
1989 - The largest ever game of musical chairs took place, 8,238 people took part.
1998 - Solar-powered pay-and-display machines arrived in Britain’s car parks.