In 1565 - Mary Queen of Scots married her cousin, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley.
1567 - James VI was crowned King of Scotland at Stirling.
1588 - The Spanish Armada was defeated by the English fleet off Plymouth.
1754 - The first international boxing match was held. The 25-minute match was won when Jack Slack of Britain knocked out Jean Petit from France.
1890 - Painter Vincent van Gogh died in Auvers, France, aged 37, from a self-inflicted gunshot wound
1900 - King Umberto I of Italy was assassinated by the anarchist Gaetano Bresci.
1907 - Robert Baden Powell officially launched the Boy Scouts.
1928 - Mickey Mouse made his official debut in Walt Disney’s ‘Steamboat Willie’, the first cartoon with synchronized sound.
1938 - Denmark’s Jenny Kammersgaad became the first person to swim the Baltic.
1938 - Comic strip “Dennis the Menace” first appeared.
1948 - The 14th Olympic Games opened in London, the first Games in 12 years due to World War II.
1949 - The first regular televised weather forecast was broadcast by the BBC.
1958 - National Aeronautical and Sace Administration (NASA) was created.
1973 - Greeks voted to abolish the monarchy.
1974 - Singer Cass Elliott, of the Mamas and Papas, died aged 32 from a heart attack while choking on food.
1976 - Fire damaged the world’s longest pier at Southend.
1981 - The Prince of Wales married Lady Diana Spencer at St Paul’s Cathedral; it was watched by 700 million television viewers around the world.
1987 - Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and President of France François Mitterrand signed the agreement to build a tunnel under the English Channel (Eurotunnel).
1999 - After a cabinet re-shuffle, Baroness Scotland took up her post at the Foreign Office, becoming Britain’s first black female minister.
2005 - Astronomers announced their discovery of the dwarf planet Eris.