In 1298 - Battle of Falkirk: King Edward I and his longbowmen defeated William Wallace and his Scottish schiltrons.
1706 - The Acts of Union 1707 were agreed upon by commissioners from England and Scotland, which, when passed by each countries’ Parliaments, led to the creation of the Kingdom of Great Britain.
1812 - The Duke of Wellington defeated the French at the Battle of Salamanca, Spain.
1894 - The first ever motor race was held in France, between the cities of Paris and Rouen. The fastest finisher was the Comte Jules-Albert de Dion, but the ‘official’ victory was awarded to Albert Lemaître driving his 3hp petrol engined Peugeot.
1901 - The House of Lords confirmed trade unions as legal bodies.
1933 - Wiley Post completed the first round-the-world solo aeroplane flight. The journey took seven days, 18 hours and 49 minutes.
1942 - The systematic deportation of Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto began.
1951 - Dezik and Tsygan became the first dogs to make a sub-orbital flight.
1965 - The Byrds had their only number one with Mr Tambourine Man.
1965 - Edward Heath succeeded Alec Douglas-Hume as Conservative party leader.
1968 - Elvis Presley began filming his 29th movie, Charro. It is the only Elvis movie where he sports a beard, and the only one in which he does not sing on-camera
2005 - Jean Charles de Menezes was shot dead by police at Stockwell tube station as the hunt began for the London Bombers responsible for the July 7 and July 21 London bombings.
2011 - Norway was the victim of twin terror attacks; the first being a bomb blast which targeted government buildings in central Oslo, the second a massacre at a youth camp on the island of Utøya.
2012 - Bradley Wiggins became the first British man to win the Tour de France; fellow Brit Chris Froome came second.
2013 - The Duchess of Cambridge gave birth to Prince George, who became third in line to the throne.