In 1207 - King John expelled Canterbury monks for supporting Archbishop Stephen Langton.
1685 - James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, was executed at Tower Hill after his defeat at the Battle of Sedgemoor on July 6.
1795 - The Marseillaise was officially adopted as the French national anthem. It was written by Rouget de Lisle in 1792.
1799 - The Rosetta Stone was found in the Egyptian village of Rosetta by French Captain Pierre-François Bouchard during Napoleon’s Egyptian Campaign.
1815 - Napoleon Bonaparte surrendered aboard HMS Bellerophon.
1834 - The Spanish Inquisition was officially disbanded after nearly 356 years.
1869 - Hippolyte Mege Mouries patented margarine.
1914 - Paramount Pictures was established.
1920 - Nellie Melba made the first advertised wireless broadcast.
1940 - Robert Wadlow, the world’s tallest man at 8ft 11in (2.72 m), died at the age of 22.
1945 - Blackouts ended in Britain.
1948 - Alcoholics Anonymous was founded in London. It had existed in America since 1935.
1954 - The Boeing 707 made its maiden flight from Seattle.
1970 - An experimental pacemaker was fitted to a 56-year-old woman at the National Heart Centre in London.
1972 - Roy Wood left ELO to form Wizzard.
1996 - A decree nisi was issued for the divorce of the Prince and Princess of Wales.
1997 - The sculptor cousin of the Duke of Norfolk, Anthony-Noel Kelly, was charged with stealing human body parts for use in his sculptures.
1997 - Italian fashion designer Gianni Versace was shot dead on the steps of his Miami mansion.
1997 - The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh held a party at Buckingham Palace to celebrate their golden wedding anniversary. The party was attended by 4,000 other couples who married in 1947.
2006 - Twitter was launched. It would go on to become one of the largest social media platforms in the world.