What happened this week in history

Debbie Harry is 70 this week EMN-150623-093554001
Debbie Harry is 70 this week EMN-150623-093554001

In 1837 - The official compulsory Register of Births, Marriages and Deaths began in England.

1858 - Charles Darwin presented his paper, ‘On the Origin of the Species’, to the Linnaean Society in London.

1903 - Start of the first Tour de France bicycle race.

1905 - Albert Einstein published his ‘Theory of Relativity’.

1908 - SOS was adopted as the international distress 

1910 - Duncan Black and Alfonzo Decker established their tool company.

1912 - The Copyright Act came into force, protecting an author’s work for 50 years after their death.

1916 - The Battle of the Somme began. More than 21,000 men were killed on the first day of battle.

1918 - The pop-up toaster was unveiled by inventor Charles Strite.

1922 - The world’s first shopping centre, The Country Club Plaza, opened in America.

1929 - Elzie Segar created the cartoon character Popeye.

1931 - Trolley buses began running in London.

1937 - The 999 telephone emergency service came into operation in Britain.

1948 - The first Oxfam shop opened in Oxford.

1967 - The European Community was formally created out of a merger with the Common Market, the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Commission.

1974 - Argentinian President Juan Peron died in office aged 78.

1977 - Virginia Wade won the Ladies’ Singles title at the 100th Wimbledon championships.

1979 - Sony introduced the Walkman.

1996 - Tim Henman became the first British man to reach the quarter-finals at Wimbledon for 23 years, when he beat Magnus Gustafsson in straight sets.

1997 - After 99 years as a British colony, Hong Kong returned to Chinese sovereignty.

1999 - The Scottish Parliament re-opened for the first time since 1707.

2007 - The ban on smoking in enclosed public places came into effect in England.