In 1441 - King Henry VII founded Eton College.
1540 - Kine Henry VIII divorced his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves.
1793 - The first Republican constitution in France was adopted.
1859 - Jean Henri Dunant witnessed suffering on the battlefield at Solfernio. His horror led him to set up the International Red Cross.
1902 - Edward VII had an emergency appendectomy; his coronation was postponed as a result.
1904 - The International Salvation Army Congress met for the first time.
1907 - The Prince of Wales became the first president of the All England Tennis Club.
1916 - Mary Pickford became the first female film star to sign a million dollar contract.
1916 - The Battle of the Somme began with a week-long artillery bombardment on the German Line.
1938 - Cricket was shown on television for the first time; the Second Test between England and Australia at Lord’s.
1939 - Siam was renamed Thailand by Plaek Pibulsonggram, the country’s third prime minister.
1946 - The Morris car company raised the price of a two-door saloon to £270.
1947 - The milk ration was cut to two and a half pints a week.
1947 - Kenneth Arnold made the first widely reported UFO sighting near Mount Rainier, Washington.
1981 - The Humber Bridge opened to traffic, connecting Yorkshire and Lincolnshire. It would be the world’s longest single-span suspension bridge for 17 years.
1983 - Sally Ride returned to earth, after becoming the first American woman in space.
1993 - The Republic of Ireland decriminilised homosexuality.
1998 - A 96-year-old Japanese woman become the oldest person ever to be jailed for murder.
2010 - Julia Gillard assumed office as the first female Prime Minister of Australia.
2012 - Lonesome George, the last known individual of Chelonoidis nigra abingdonii, a subspecies of the Galápagos tortoise, died.