In 1162, Thomas A Becket was consecrated as Archbishop of Canterbury.
1865 - King George V was born at Marlborough House.
1875 - French composer Georges Bizet died at the age of 36, believing his work ‘Carmen’ was a failure.
1924 - Australian novelist Franz Kafka died aged 40, before any of his major works had been published.
1929 - Douglas Fairbanks Jnr married Joan Crawford.
1937 - The Duke of Windsor married American divorcee Wallis Simpson.
1940 - The Battle of Dunkirk ended with a German victory and with Allied forces in full retreat.
1946 - A Paris fashion show exhibited the first season of bikinis.
1956 - Third class train travel was scrapped by British Rail.
1962 - A chartered Air France Boeing 707 heading for Atlanta, Georgia, crashed on take-off at Orly Airport in Paris, killing 130 people on board.
1965 - The launch of Gemini 4, the first multi-day space mission by a NASA crew. Crew member Ed White performed the first American spacewalk.
1968 - Andy Warhol was shot and seriously injured by Valeria Solnais, an actress who had starred in one of his films.
1981 - Shergar won the Derby by a record 10 lengths.
1982 - The Israeli ambassador to the United Kingdom, Shlomo Argov, was shot on a London street. He survived but was permanently paralysed.
1989 - The government of China sent troops to force protesters out of Tiananmen Square after seven weeks of occupation.
1991 - Eminent vulcanologist Harry Olichen was killed when the volcano he was studying unexpectedly erupted.
2000 - Camilla Parker Bowles met the Queen for the first time as Prince Charles’s partner.
2003 - The village of Cwm Brefi became the last in Wales to be connected to the National Grid. Residents had previously relied on generators for electricity.
2006 - The union of Serbia and Montenegro came to an end with Montenegro’s formal declaration of independence.