What happened this week in history

Actress Zoe Wannamaker celebrates her 66th birthday this week EMN-150505-121830001
Actress Zoe Wannamaker celebrates her 66th birthday this week EMN-150505-121830001

1568 - Battle of Langside: the forces of Mary, Queen of Scots, were defeated by a confederacy of Scottish Protestants under James Stewart, Earl of Moray, her half-brother.

1607 - English colonists, led by Lincolnshire’s John Smith, landed near James River in Virginia.

1637 - Cardinal Richelieu of France reputedly created the table knife.

1643 - Battle of Grantham: English parliamentary armies beat royalists.

1787 - The first convict ships set sail from Portsmouth to establish a penal colony in Australia.

1821 - The first practical printing press was patented in America by Samuel Rust.

1907 - Author Daphne du Maurier was born in London.

1912 - The Royal Flying Corps, the forerunner of the Royal Air Force, was established.

1917 - Three children in Fatima, Portugal, claimed to have seen a vision of the Virgin Mary.

1922 - “Latin Lover” silent actor Rudolph Valentino (27) married film costume and set designer Natacha Rambova (25) in Mexicali, Mexico.

1924 - Actress Marlene Dietrich and Rudolf Sieber were married in Berlin. The union lasted more than 50 years.

1948 - The Registrar General reported a baby boom, with 193,865 babies born in the previous three months.

1958 - The trademark Velcro is registered.

1961 - American actor Gary Cooper died of cancer at his Bel Air home, aged 60.

1977 - Prime minister James Callaghan faced charges of nepotism after he appointed his son-in-law as ambassador to Washington.

1981 - Pope John Paul II was wounded in an assassination attempt in Rome.

1988 - American jazz trumpeter Chet Baker fell to his death out of an Amsterdam hotel window, aged 59.

1995 - 33-year-old British mother Alison Hargreaves became the first woman to climb Mount Everest without oxygen and without the help of Sherpas.

2014 - Christopher Columbus’s flagship, the Santa Maria, was discovered off the coast of Haiti.