1536 - King Henry VIII ordered English-language Bibles be placed in every church.
1626 - Dutch settler Peter Minuit bought the island of Manhatten from native Americans for goods worth about $25.
1659 - A faction of the British Army removed Richard Cromwell as Lord Protector of the Commonwealth and reinstalled the Rump Parliament.
1682 - Louis XIV, known as the Sun King, moved into his new palace of Versailles. It was the largest palace in Europe and had a population of more than 2,000.
1840 - The first adhesive postage stamp, the Penny lack,was officially issued.
1851 - dr John Gorrie patented a ‘refrigeration machine’.
1889 - The Eiffel Tower officially opened to the public at the Universal Exposition in Paris.
1910 - King Edward VII died at Buckingham Palace, aged 68, bringing his son, George V, to the throne.
1932 - French President Doumer was assassinated by an insane Russian.
1937 - The German airship ‘Hindenburg’ caught fire over New Jersey, killing 36 passengers.
1954 - Roger Bannister became the first man to run a mile in under four minutes.
1960 - Princess Margaret married Anthony Armstrong-Jones at Westminster Abbey. It was the first televised royal wedding and was watched by more than 20 million viewers.
1966 - Moors murderers Ian Brady and Myra Hindley were sentenced to life imprisonment.
1969 - Ian Paisley was freed from prison as part of an amnesty in Northern Ireland.
1972 - The first race for women under Jockey Club rules took place at Kempton Park.
1994 - The Channel Tunnel between Calais and Folkestone was officially opened.
1997 - The Bank of England was given independence from political control.
1999 - The first elections to the devolved Scottish Parliament and Welsh Assembly were held.
2001 – During a trip to Syria, Pope John Paul II became the first pope to enter a mosque.