What happened this week in history

Actor Daniel Day-Lewis celebrates his 58th birthday this week EMN-150421-123030001
Actor Daniel Day-Lewis celebrates his 58th birthday this week EMN-150421-123030001

1429 - Joan of Arc 
arrived to relieve the Siege of Orleans.

1770 - James Cook arrived at and named Botany Bay, Australia.

1813 - Rubber was patented

1852 - The first edition of Roget’s Thesaurus was published.

1884 - Oxford University agreed to admit female students to examinations.

1910 - Parliament passed the People’s Budget, the first budget in British history with the expressed intent of redistributing wealth among the British public.

1913 - Swedish-born American inventor Gideon Sundback patented the zip fastener. Earlier versions had not been entirely successful.

1916 - Irish republicans abandoned the post office in Dublin and surrendered unconditionally, marking the end of the Easter Rising.

1930 - It became possible to phone Australia from England.

1933 - Everton won the FA Cup. It was the first match in which players wore numbered shirts - Everton wore 1 to 11 and opponents Manchester City 12 to 22.

1935 - Cats Eyes were used on roads for the first time.

1937 - American chemist Wallace Carothers committed suicide by taking cyanide dissolved in lemon juice, aged 41, two months after inventing nylon.

1945 The German army in Italy surrendered to the Allies.

1945 - Adolf Hitler married Eva Braun in the Führerbunker, Berlin.

1980 - Master of Suspense Alfred Hitchcock died of renal failure in his Bel Air home, aged 80.

1981 - Peter Sutcliffe confessed to being the Yorkshire Ripper.

1986 -The Duchess of Windsor, Wallis Simpson, was laid to rest alongside her husband, the abdicated King Edward VIII, at Frogmore in Windsor.

1990 - Stephen Hendry became the youngest holder of the World Snooker Championship at the age of 21, when he beat Jimmy White 18-12 in the final.

1991 - Croatia declared independence

2011 - Prince William and Kate Middleton were married at Westminster Abbey.