1742 - The ruins of Pompeii were unearthed.
1826 - Samuel Morey patented the internal combustion engine.
1908 - The Territorial Force (renamed Territorial Army in 1920) was formed as a volunteer reserve component of the British Army.
1867 - Singapore became a British crown colony.
1873 - The White Star steamer RMS Atlantic sank off Nova Scotia, killing 547 in the worst marine disaster of the 19th century.
1918 - The RAF was founded with the merging of the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service.
1924 - Adolf Hitler was sentenced to five years in jail for his participation in the “Beer Hall Putsch”. He spent only nine months in jail, during which he wrote ‘Mein Kampf.’
1933 - English cricketer Wally Hammond set a record for the highest individual Test innings of 336 not out, during a Test match against New Zealand.
1946 - Rationing of elastic for underwear, nightwear, pram covers and umbrellas ended.
1947 - Britain’s school leaving age was raised to 15.
1947 - The electricity industry was nationalised.
1949 - The 26 counties of the Irish Free State became Ireland.
1957 - The BBC fooled the nation with their hoax Panorma documentary on the annual spaghetti harvest in Switzerland.
1960 - America launched the world’s first weather satellite, Tiros 1.
1960 -Dr. Martens released its first boots, the model 1460.
1971- The Daily Mail appeared for the last time as a broadsheet.
1973 - Value Added Tax (VAT) replaced Purchase Tax and Selective Employment Tax.
1974 - Free family planning became available on the NHS.
1990 - Rioting inmates took over Strangeways Prison in Manchester.
1976 - Apple Inc. was formed by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak and Ronald Wayne.
1984 - Singer Marvin Gaye died after his father shot him, the day before his 45th birthday.
2004 - Google announced Gmail to the public.