What happened this week in history

Tommy Steele celebrates his 78th birthday this week EMN-141012-090937001
Tommy Steele celebrates his 78th birthday this week EMN-141012-090937001

1538 - Pope Paul II excommunicated King Henry VIII after he had declared himself supreme head of the English church.

1849 - William Coke bought the first ever bowler hat from Thomas and William Bowler at Lock’s of St James’s.

1885 - The last official bare-knuckle British heavyweight championship fight took place.

1892 - Tchaikovsky’s ‘The Nutcracker’ was performed for the first time, by the Russian Imperial Ballet in St Petersburg.

1892 - The first issue of Vogue was published.

1903 - Oliver Wright made the first successful controlled flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.

1967 - Australian Prime Minister Harold Holt disappeared while swimming near Portsea, Victoria, and was presumed drowned.

1969 - Fifty million TV viewers saw singer Tiny Tim marry Miss Vicky, on the 
Tonight Show.

1977 - David Ackroyd purchased the one millionth copy of ‘Mull of Kintyre’. He became the first record buyer in the world to receive a gold disc for his efforts.

1982 - The Who played the last concert of their farewell tour - though they made a comeback for ‘Quadrophenia’ in 1996.

1983 - Provisional IRA members detonated a car bomb at the Harrods Store in London. Three police officers and three civilians were killed.

1986 - Davina Thompson became the world’s first recipient of a heart, lung and liver transplant, at Papworth Hospital in Cambridge.

1989 - The first episode of television series The Simpsons, “Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire”, aired in the United States.

1992 - Australian Prime Minister Paul Keating announced new citizens would no longer swear an oath to the Queen but to Australia.

1999 - Claire Barwick from West Sussex became Britain’s first quiz show millionaire when she won £1m on Chris Evan’s radio show.

1999 - The Spice Girls became the first band to appear at Madame Tussauds since The Beatles were immortalized in 1964.