1618 - Sir Walter Raleigh was executed at Whitehall for treason.
1682 - English quaker William Penn arrived in the US colony that was later named after him.
1863 - The founding charter of the Red Cross was drawn up by Swiss philanthropist Henri Dunant.
1888 - The Suez Canal Convention was signed in Constantinople, allowing the waterway to be open to all nations.
1925 - Actor Robert Hardy was born at Cheltenham. His father was headmaster of Cheltenham College.
1929 - The Wall Street crash, known as Black Tuesday, took place, leading to the Great Depression.
1937 - The BBC World Service came into being, when the government announced the BBC would start making broadcasts in foreign languages.
1956 - The Suez Canal crisis began.
1964 - The union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar was announced. The country adopted the name Tanzania.
1967 - London criminal Jack McVitie was murdered by the Kray twins, leading to their eventual imprisonment and downfall.
1969 - The first-ever computer-to-computer link was established on ARPANET, the precursor to the Internet.
1982 - In Australia, Lindy Chamberlain was sentenced to life imprisonment for the murder of her nine-week old baby. She claimed her baby had been carried off by a dingo. She was released after serving more than three years, following the discovery of an item of the baby’s clothing in a dingo lair and all convictions for both parents were overturned.
1986 - Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher opened the last stretch of the M25 motorway.
1998 - The River Severn burst its banks, swamping Shrewsbury.
2001 - The Mr Men books celebrated their 30th anniversary.
2003 - Conservative leader Iain Duncan Smith resigned after losing a vote of confidence among his party.
2007 - Argentina elected its first female president, Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner.