What happened this week in history

Mata Hari EMN-140710-112101001
Mata Hari EMN-140710-112101001

1520 - King Henry VIII ordered bowling lanes to be built at Whitehall in London.

1581 - The first major ballet was staged in Paris, at the request of Catherine de Medici.

1815 - Napoleon I of France began his exile on Saint Helena in the Atlantic Ocean.

1839 - Queen Victoria proposed to Prince Albert.

1888 - The “From Hell” letter sent by Jack the Ripper was received by investigators.

1917 - Dutch dancer and alleged spy Mata Hari was executed by the French after being found guilty of espionage during World War One.

1918 - Britain’s first oil well was inaugurated at Hardstoft in Derbyshire.

1928 - The airship, Graf Zeppelin completed its first trans-Atlantic flight, landing at Lakehurst, New Jersey.

1951 - The first Liberal party political broadcast was televised by the BBC.

1954 - William Golding’s ‘Lord of the Flies’ was published in Britain.

1964 - Screaming Lord Sutch began his political career by standing in a by-election for the Stratford-upon-Avon parliamentary seat, after the departure of Lord Profumo.

1965 - Jimi Hendrix signed his first recording contract.

1976 - The Sex Pistols signed to EMI Records for £40,000, but were dropped the following month.

1980 - James Callaghan resigned as Labour Party Leader.

1987 - The Great Storm of 1987 hit France and southern England, felling trees and destroying buildings. Thousands were left without power. At least 22 people were killed and a gust of 106 kn (196 km/h; 122 mph) was recorded in Gorleston, Norfolk.

1990 - Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to lessen Cold War tensions and open up his nation.

1991 - The tallest sandcastle was built - measuring 19.5ft.

1993 - Nelson Mandela and F W de Clerk shared the Nobel Peace Prize.

1995 - A bridge linking the Isle of Skye to the Scottish mainland was opened.