1771 - English poet Thomas Gray died. He was buried next to his mother in the churchyard of Stoke Poges, the setting for his most famous work Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard.
1898 Cornflakes were invented.
1900 - Queen Victoria’s second son Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, died from throat cancer at the age of 55.
1918 - Captain Sarret made the first ever parachute jump from a plane. He fell 800 feet.
1930 - In Montevideo, Uruguay won the first FIFA World Cup.
1935 - The first Penguin paperback books went on sale in Britain.
1936 - Official records showed 248,828 calls had been made to the speaking clock in its first week of service.
1941 - Singer Paul Anka was born in Canada
1948 - The world’s first radar station opened, to assist shipping in the port of Liverpool.
1954 - Elvis created a sensation at his first live solo appearance. He appeared baffled when the audience’s screams almost drowned him out.
1963 - Kim Philby, British Intelligence Officer from 1940 and Soviet Agent from 1933, fled to the USSR.
1966 - England won the football World Cup, beating West Germany 4-2 in the final.
1974 - French became the official language of Quebec, Canada.
1996 - Athlete Carl Lewis won the Olympic long jump gold medal. It was his fourth successive gold medal in the event.
1998 - Derek Bentley, hanged for the murder of a policeman, had his conviction posthumously quashed after 45 years.
2000 - Surgeons in Israel carried out the first implant of a permanent artificial heart, on a 64-year-old man with heart disease.
2001 - Prince Andrew retired from the Navy after 22 years service.
2003 - In Mexico, the last ‘old style’ Volkswagen Beetle rolled off the assembly line.
2006 - The world’s longest running music show, Top of the Pops, was broadcast for the last time on BBC Two. The show had aired for 42 years.