What happened this week in history

Helen Willis Moody EMN-140625-085147001
Helen Willis Moody EMN-140625-085147001

1644 - Cromwell crushed the Royalists at the Battle of Marston Moor near York.

1865 - William Booth founded what was to become the Salvation Army, in London’s Whitechapel.

1881 - US President James A Garfield was shot and mortally wounded as he entered a railway station in Washington, DC. He died on September 19.

1900 - The Paris Metro underground system opened.

1924 - The government rejected the idea of a Channel Tunnel.

1928 - In Britain, women over the age of 21 were given the vote.

1937 - Amelia Earhart disappeared on the last half of her round-the-world flight from California.

1938 - Helen Willis Moody won a record eighth Wimbledon tennis title.

1941 - Noel Coward’s “Blithe Spirit,” premiered in London.

1947 - An object crashed near Roswell, New Mexico. The US Army Air Force insisted it was a weather balloon, but eyewitness accounts led to speculation it might have been an alien spacecraft.

1956 - Serious flooding hit Scotland after three inches of rain fell in 36 hours.

1964 - American President Lyndon Johnson signed the Civil Rights Bill prohibiting racial discrimination.

1968 - Dr David Owen became the youngest member of government at the age of 30. He was named under secretary for the Navy.

1976 - North Vietnam and South Vietnam were reunited.

1985 - The Church of England approved the ordination of female deacons.

1990 - More than 1,000 Muslims were killed during a stampede in a pedestrian tunnel leading to the holy city of Mecca.

2001 - Barry George was sentenced to life imprisonment for killing television presenter Jill Dando. The conviction was quashed in 2007 and a retrial in 2008 found him not guilty.

2002 - Steve Fossett became the first person to travel the circumference of the globe in a hot air balloon on his own, without stopping.

2003 - Russian oil tycoon Roman Abramovich bough Chelsea Football Club.