1488 - James III of Scotland was murdered by Scottish nobles at the Battle of Sauchieburn. He was succeeded by his 15-year-old son, also James.
1509 - Henry VIII married his first wife, Catherine of Aragon.
1776 - Landscape painter John Constable was born in Suffolk.
1903 - The King and Queen of Serbia were assassinated in their wardrobe, after a gunman stormed their palace and frond them hiding there.
1913 - A male suffragist threw a bag of flour at Prim Minister Asquith in the House of Commons.
1917 – King Alexander assumed the throne of Greece after his father Constantine I abdicated under pressure by allied armies occupying Athens.
1939 - George V became the first English king to taste a hotdog, when he was served one at a party thrown by President Roosevelt.
1947 - Princess Elizabeth was made a Freeman of London.
1953 - Len Hutton became the first professional cricketer to captain England.
1955 - Eighty-three spectators were killed and at least 100 injured after an Austin-Healey and a Mercedes-Benz collide at the 24 Hours of Le Mans, the deadliest ever accident in motorsports.
1962 - Frank Morris, John Anglin and Clarence Anglin allegedly became the only prisoners to escape from the prison on Alcatraz Island.
1964 - Nelson Mandela, along with seven others, was sentenced to life imprisonment for acts of sabotage in Pretoria.
1975 - The first oil was pumped from a North Sea oilfield - the Argyll & Duncan Oilfields, now Ardmore.
1979 - Actor John Wayne died aged 79, after battling cancer for more than a decade.
1981 - The Queen opened the Natwest Tower in the City of London, the tallest building in Europe at the time.
1987 - Following the general election, Diane Abbott, Paul Boateng and Bernie Grant became Britain’s first black MPs.
1998 - Author Catherine Cookson died at the age of 91.