1070 - Roquefort cheese was created in a cave near Roquefort, France.
1783 - The Montgolfier brothers publicly demonstrate their montgolfière (hot air balloon).
1798 - ‘Womaniser’ Casanova died at the age of 73.
1896 - Henry Ford took his first Ford automobile for a trial run around the streets of Detroit. He called the vehicle a “Quadricycle.”
1913 - Suffragette Emily Davidson threw herself in front of the King’s horse, Anmer, during the Epsom Derby.
1917 - The first Pulitzer Prizes were awarded: biography - Laura E. Richards, Maude H. Elliott; history - Jean Jules Jusserand for With Americans of Past and Present Days; journalism - Herbert B. Swope for his work for the New York World.
1937 - The world’s first supermarket trolley was seen in Oklahoma.
1940 - WWII: The evacuation of Dunkirk was completed. Over the six days, a flotilla of 900 naval and civilian craft managed to rescue 338,226 people.
1946 - General Juan Peron became President of Argentina.
1967 - Stockport Air Disaster: British Midland flight G-ALHG crashed in Hopes Carr, Stockport, killing 72 passengers and crew.
1970 - Tonga gained independence from the United Kingdom.
1973 - The Russian rival to Concorde, nicknamed Concordski, exploded in flight at a Paris airshow, killing all its crew and 27 spectators. Sabotage was suspected.
1977 - Five British plane-spotters imprisoned in Greece for spying were released, after 10 weeks in jail.
1987 - After a total of 122 consecutive victories in the 400m hurdles, Ed Moses was beaten by Danny Harris in Madrid. Moses had not lost a hurdles race in 10 years.
1989 - More than 100 people were killed when Chinese soldiers opened fire on a non-violent protest at Tiananmen Square in Beijing.
2000 - David Coulthard became the first British driver to win the Monaco Grand Prix since 1973, when Jackie Stewart took the chequered flag.