753BC Rome was founded.
1302 - Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet were married, according to the play.
1630 - The first cases of the plague were reported.
1682 - The Theatre Royal in London’s Drury Lane opened.
1702 - The first successful English daily newspaper, The Daily Courant, was published in London.
1708 - Queen Anne withheld Royal Assent from the Scottish Militia Bill, the last time a British monarch vetoed legislation.
1845 - Self raising flour was invented by Henry Jones.
1864 - The Great Sheffield Flood killed 238 people, when the Dale Dyke Dam broke as its reservoir was being filled for the first time
1872 - Construction of the Seven Sisters Colliery, South Wales, began.
1918 - The first case of Spanish flu occurred, the start of a devastating worldwide pandemic.
1921 - Queen Mary became the first woman to receive a degree from Oxford University, when she was awarded an honorary degree.
1929 - Major Henry Segrave set the land speed record on Daytona Beach in Florida.
1935 - Hermann Goering announced the creation of the Luftwaffe - the German air force.
1940 - Meat rationing began.
1942 - The baking of white bread was banned.
1946 - The Food Ministry issued a recipe for squirrel pie.
1955 - Scottish bacteriologist, discoverer of penicillin, Sir Alexander Fleming died of a heart attack a the age of 73.
1965 - ‘It’s Not Unusual’ by Tom Jones was Number One in the charts.
1967 - The police started using helicopters.
1970 - Lee Marvin’s release of ‘Wandrin Star’ was Number One in the charts.
1985 - Mikhail Gorbachev became leader of the USSR.
1988 - The Bank of England replaced pound notes with pound coins.
1990 - Lithuania declared itself independent from the Soviet Union.
1990 - 13-year-old Jennifer Capriati became the youngest ever finalist in a professional tennis tournament.