1461 - War of the Roses: Henry VI was deposed by his House of York cousin, who then became King Edward IV.
1681 - Charles II granted a land charter to William Penn for the area which later became Pennsylvania.
1861 - Abraham Lincoln was sworn in as the 16th American President.
1861 - The first national flag of the Confederate States of America (the “Stars and Bars”) was adopted.
1877 - The Russian Imperial Ballet staged the first performance of Swan Lake, in Moscow.
1882 - Britain’s first electric trams came into operation, in London’s Leytonstone.
1890 - The Forth Railway Bridge - the longest bridge in Great Britain - was officially opened by the Prince of Wales, later Edward VII.
1913 - Woodrow Wilson became the 28th American President.
1924 - ‘Happy Birthday’ was published for the first time.
1929 - Herbert Hoover became American president.
1933 - Franklin D Roosevelt was sworn in as president, amidst financial turmoil.
1943 - The Battle of the Bismarck Sea in the South West Pacific came to an end.
1945 - Finland declared war on Nazi Germany (the Lapland War).
1962 - Malta became independent.
1965 - David Attenborough was appointed Head of BBC2.
1966 - John Lennon told a reporter form the London Evening Standard the Beatles were ‘more popular than Jesus Christ right now’.
1968 - Tennis authorities voted to admit professional players to Wimbledon. It was previously only open to amateur players.
1974 - Edward Heath resigned as Prime Minister.
1976 - The Northern Ireland Constitutional Convention was formally dissolved in Northern Ireland resulting in direct rule from London.
1980 - Nationalist leader Robert Mugabe won a sweeping election victory to become Zimbabwe’s first black prime minister.
1999 - The Millennium Dome went on sale for £1 billion - almost a year before it was due to open.