1478 – George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV, was executed in private at the Tower of London.
1564 - Italian artist Michelangelo died in Rome, three weeks before his 89th birthday.
1678 - John Bunyan’s ‘Pilgrim’s Progress’ was published.
1745 - Italian scientist and inventor of the electric battery Alessandro Volta was born in Como.
1876 - A direct telegraph link was set up between Britain and New Zealand.
1911 - The first official flight with air mail took place from Allahabad, United Provinces, British India (now India), when Henri Pequet, a 23-year-old pilot, delivered 6,500 letters to Naini, about 10 kilometres away.
1913 - Pedro Lascuráin became President of Mexico for 45 minutes; the shortest term to date of any person as president of any country.
1914 - British explorer Campbell Beazley announced the discovery of three ruined Inca cities in Peru.
1930 - While studying photographs taken in January, American astronomer Clyde Tombaugh discovered the planet Pluto.
1965 - The Gambia became independent from the United Kingdom.
1969 - Singer Lulu married Bee Gee Maurice Gibb.
1978 - The first Ironman Triathlon competition took place on the Hawaiian island of Oahu; it was won by 27-year-old cab driver and fitness enthusiast Gordon Haller.
1979 - Snow fell in the Sahara Desert in southern Algeria for the only time in recorded history.
1981 - Mrs Thatcher’s Government withdrew plans to close 23 pits following the threat of a miners strike.
1991 - The IRA exploded bombs in the early morning at London’s Paddington and Victoria stations.
1996 - World Health Organisation experts were sent to Gabon, where 10 people had died of the ebola virus.
1999 - The BBC axed ‘One Man and his Dog’.
2005 - Fox hunting with dogs became illegal in England and Wales.