This week in history

Jack Nicklaus, 75 this week EMN-150113-110151001
Jack Nicklaus, 75 this week EMN-150113-110151001

1793 - Louis XVI, King of France, was guillotined in the Place de la Revolution, Paris.

1799 - Edward Jenner introduced the smallpox vaccine.

1846 - The first issue of the ‘Daily News’, edited by Charles Dickens, was published.

1853 - An envelope folding machine was patented.

1907 - Taxi cabs were officially recognised in Britain.

1908 - New Yorker, Katie Mulcahey became the first person to be arrested under a new city law preventing women from smoking in public.

1911 - The first Monte Carlo car rally was held. It was won seven days later by French racer Henri Rougier.

1922 - The first slalom ski race took place in Switzerland.

1924 - Russian leader Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov Lenin died.

1930 - The first photographs of Pluto reached Earth.

1935 - Snowdonia became a National Park.

1936 - Edward VIII was proclaimed King.

1937 - Marcel Boulestin became the first TV chef. He presented ‘Cook’s Night Out’ on BBC television.

1941 - The British communist newspaper ‘The Daily Worker’ was banned due to wartime restrictions.

1950 - Acclaimed author George Orwell (born Eric Blair) died aged 46, after a three-year battle against tuberculosis.

1954 - The world’s first nuclear submarine, the USS Nautilus, was launched.

1956 - Bill Haley’s album ‘Rock Around the Clock’ became the first rock ‘n’ roll album to enter the American charts.

1966 - Beatle George Harrison married model Patti Boyd. Paul McCartney was best man.

1976 Commercial service of Concorde began with the London-Bahrain and Paris-Rio routes.

1977 - US President Jimmy Carter pardoned almost all 
Vietnam War draft evaders

1990 - John McEnroe was expelled from the Australian Open for swearing at the Umpire. He was the first person to ever be expelled from the tournament.

2001 - Jutta Kleinschmidt became the first woman to win the Paris - Dakar Rally.