1793 - Louis XVI, King of France, was guillotined in the Place de la Revolution, Paris.
1799 - Edward Jenner introduced the smallpox vaccine.
1846 - The first issue of the ‘Daily News’, edited by Charles Dickens, was published.
1853 - An envelope folding machine was patented.
1907 - Taxi cabs were officially recognised in Britain.
1908 - New Yorker, Katie Mulcahey became the first person to be arrested under a new city law preventing women from smoking in public.
1911 - The first Monte Carlo car rally was held. It was won seven days later by French racer Henri Rougier.
1922 - The first slalom ski race took place in Switzerland.
1924 - Russian leader Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov Lenin died.
1930 - The first photographs of Pluto reached Earth.
1935 - Snowdonia became a National Park.
1936 - Edward VIII was proclaimed King.
1937 - Marcel Boulestin became the first TV chef. He presented ‘Cook’s Night Out’ on BBC television.
1941 - The British communist newspaper ‘The Daily Worker’ was banned due to wartime restrictions.
1950 - Acclaimed author George Orwell (born Eric Blair) died aged 46, after a three-year battle against tuberculosis.
1954 - The world’s first nuclear submarine, the USS Nautilus, was launched.
1956 - Bill Haley’s album ‘Rock Around the Clock’ became the first rock ‘n’ roll album to enter the American charts.
1966 - Beatle George Harrison married model Patti Boyd. Paul McCartney was best man.
1976 Commercial service of Concorde began with the London-Bahrain and Paris-Rio routes.
1977 - US President Jimmy Carter pardoned almost all Vietnam War draft evaders
1990 - John McEnroe was expelled from the Australian Open for swearing at the Umpire. He was the first person to ever be expelled from the tournament.
2001 - Jutta Kleinschmidt became the first woman to win the Paris - Dakar Rally.