This week in history

Emily Watson EMN-150601-100722001
Emily Watson EMN-150601-100722001

1205 - A Great frost began, which lasted until March 22. The ground was so hard it could not be ‘tilled’ and the price of wheat and vegetables soared.

1724 - King Philip V of Spain abdicated the throne.

1814 - A Great Frost Fair was held on the River Thames between London Bridge and Blackfriars Bridge. Amusements included swings, roundabouts and gambling booths. A thaw came after four days.

1858 - An attempt was made on Napoleon III’s life, in Paris. Count Felice Orsini threw a bomb at him as he passed on his way to the Paris opera.

1873 - ‘Celluloid’ was registered as a trademark.

1878 - A new invention - the telephone - was demonstrated for Queen Victoria at Osbourne House.

1900 - Puccini’s opera ‘Tosca’ was performed for the first time, in Rome.

1901 - In Manchester, an explosion at a hat factory killed 12 people.

1907 - An earthquake killed more than 1,000 people in Kingston, Jamaica and virtually destroyed the city.

1914 - Actress Sarah Bernhardt received the Legion of Honour in Paris.

1933 - The controversial “Bodyline” cricket tactics used by Douglas Jardine’s England peaked when Australian captain Bill Woodfull was hit over the heart.

1943 - Franklin D Roosevelt became the first President of the United States to travel by airplane while in office, when he travelled from Miami to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill.

1954 - Baseball hero Joe DiMaggio married Marilyn Monroe. The union lasted less than nine months.

1958 - The first edition of ‘Bunty’ went on sale.

1964 - The Beatles released ‘I Want to Hold your Hand’.

1972 – Queen Margrethe II of Denmark ascended the throne, the first Queen of Denmark since 1412 and the first Danish monarch not named Frederick or Christian since 1513.

1985 - Martina Navratilova became only the third tennis player to win more than 100 tournaments - the others being Jimmy Connors and Chris Evert.