What happened this week in history

143352-06 MY darts'Untouchables Darts, Guildhall, Portsmouth.'Paul McKay plays Bobby George.'Pic Mick Young'06/12/2014 EMN-150912-085838001
143352-06 MY darts'Untouchables Darts, Guildhall, Portsmouth.'Paul McKay plays Bobby George.'Pic Mick Young'06/12/2014 EMN-150912-085838001

In 1653, Oliver Cromwell became Lord Protector of England.

1773 - The Boston Tea Party took place at Griffin’s Wharf in Boston harbour. In a protest at British taxation, activists dumped the tea from three ships into the harbour.

1775 - Novelist Jane Austen was born at Steventon Rectory.

1809 - Napoleon divorced his wife, Josephine, because she had not produced any children.

1850 - The Charlotte Jane and the Randolph took the first of Canterbury Pilgrims to Lyttelton, New Zealand.

1908 - The first issue of Scouting for Boys, the magazine of the scouting movement, was published.

1914 - German battleships under Franz von Hipper bombarded the English ports of Hartlepool and Scarborough.

1922 - The President of Poland, Gabriel Narutowicz, was assassinated by Eligiusz Niewiadomski at the Zachęta Gallery in Warsaw.

1927 - Donald Bradman made his debut in first-class cricket for New South Wales against South Australia. Batting at number seven, he scored a century.

1953 - The White House held its first press conference, with President Eisenhower and 161 reporters.

1955 - The Queen opened new buildings in the centre of Heathrow Airport, part of a new complex designed to handle a growing number of air passengers.

1965 - The Beatles’ Day Tripper/We Can Work it Out was at number one in the UK charts.

1969 - MPs voted by a big majority for the permanent abolition of the death penalty for murder.

1977 - The extension of the Piccadilly Line to Heathrow was opened by the Queen.

1983 - The BBC broadcast the first ever live Match of the Day.

1988 - Edwina Currie resigned over her salmonella claims.

1998 - Operation Desert Fox was launched. British and American forces began bombing raids in Iraq in response to Saddam Hussein’s continued obstruction of UN weapons inspectors.