What happened this week in history

Monica Seles EMN-151125-145144001
Monica Seles EMN-151125-145144001

In 1697, St Paul’s Cathedral opened, after being rebuilt by Sir Christopher Wren.

1763 - Dedication of the Touro Synagogue, in Newport, Rhode Island; the first synagogue in what was to become the United States.

1804 - Napoleon Bonaparte crowned himself Emperor of France in Notre Dame, Paris; the first French Emperor in a thousand years.

1867 - At Tremont Temple in Boston, Charles Dickens gave his first public reading in the United States.

1873 - The New York Daily Graphic published the first newspaper photograph.

1901 - American King Camp Gillette patented a safety razor with a double-edged disposable blade. Initially, it was a marketing disaster, selling only 51 in two years. By 1904, 90,000 had been sold.

1908 - Puyi became Emperor of China, at the age of two.

1934 - American Olympic swimming champion Johnny Weissmuller starred as Tarzan for the first time.

1942 - The first nuclear chain reaction took place, at the University of Chicago.

1956 - Fidel Castro and a small band of revolutionaries landed in Cuba, beginning the 1956-59 Cuban revolution.

1982 - The first artificial heart was fitted, in Utah. The patient, Barry Clark, lived for a further three months.

1985 - Hull-born writer and poet Philip Larkin died at the age of 63, from cancer of the oesophagus

1988 - Benazir Bhutto was sworn in as Prime Minister of Pakistan, becoming the first woman to head the government of an Islam-dominated state.

1989 – Margaret Thatcher beat off leadership rival Sir Anthony Meyer in the 
first challenge to her leadership of the Conservative Party.

1993 – Nasa launched the space shuttle Endeavour on a mission to repair the Hubble Space Telescope.

1999 -Political power in Northern Ireland was devolved to the Northern Ireland Executive.

2004 - British ballerina Dame Alicia Markova died the day after her 94th birthday, in a Bath hospital.