In 1400, Owain Glyndwr was proclaimed Prince of Wales after rebelling against English rule. He was the last Welsh-born Prince of Wales.
1620 - Pilgrims set sail from England on the Mayflower.
1630 - The Massachusetts village of Shawmut changed its name to Boston.
1701 - James Francis Edward Stuart, the “Old Pretender”, became the Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland.
1847 - The house where Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon became the first building to be purchased for preservation.
1857 - Jingle Bells was registered by Jane Pierpoint.
1861 - British Post Office Savings Banks opened.
1932 - In India, Mahatma Gandhi began his hunger strike in opposition to Britain’s new caste separation laws.
1 947 - John Cobb set the world auto speed record at 394.2mph.
1955 - Play-Doh went on sale for the first time.
1959 - The first successful photocopier, the Xerox 914, was introduced in a demonstration on live television from New York City.
1960 - Donald Campbell destroyed Bluebird in a crash at 350mph. Campbell, however, was only slightly hurt.
1968 - A two-tier postal system came into force. A first class letter cost 5d and second class 4d.
1969 - London’s trendiest store, Biba, opened on Kensington High Street.
1976 - The Episcopal Church in America approved the ordination of women to the priesthood.
1977 - Singer Marc Bolan was killed when the car he was in left the road and hit a tree in Barnes.
1979 - The first rap single, Rapper’s Delight, was released by the Sugar Hill Gang.
1991 - The Magic Circle voted to admit female magicians for the first time in its 80-year history.
2006 - Connie Fisher won the BBC1 show How Do You Solve a Problem Like Maria? and landed herself the part of Maria Von Trapp in Andrew Lloyd Webber’s West End production of The Sound of Music.