In 55BC - Julius Caesar landed in Britain.
1346 - The British introduced the longbow into warfare.
1768 - Captain James Cook set sail from England on board HMS Endeavour.
1791 - John Fitch was granted a United States patent for the steamboat.
1910 - Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu, later Mother Teresa, was born in Skopje Ottoman Empire.
1912 - The highest British August rainfall was recorded, when six inches fell in 12 hours in Norwich.
1920 - Women in the USA were given the right to vote.
1936 - The BBC broadcast its first full television programme.
1952 - A British Canberra bomber made the first trans-Atlantic round-trip in a day, breaking all records.
1954 - Tolkien published ‘The Fellowship of the Ring’.
1959 - The British Motor Corporation introduced the Morris Mini-Minor, designed by Alec Issigonis. It was only 10 feet long, but seated four passengers
1963 - Cilla Black made her first major concert appearance on the same bill as ‘The Beatles’, at the Odeon Cinema in Southport.
1970 - Jimi Hendrix made his last public appearance, topping the bill at the Isle of Wight Festival.
1978 - Albino Luciani was elected as Pope John Paul I.
1978 - Sigmund Jähn became the first German cosmonaut, on board Soyuz 31.
1985 - A report cleared the French government and secret service of involvement in the sinking of the Rainbow Warrior.
1985 - Bare-foot runner Zola Budd broken the world 5,000m record at London’s Crystal Palace. She completed the distance in 14 minutes and 48.07 seconds - 10 seconds faster than the previous record.
1994 - Arthur Cornhill was given the world’s first battery-operated heart at the world-famous Papworth Hospital in Cambridgeshire. He died from kidney failure nine months after the operation.
1999 - American athlete Michael Johnson broke the 400 metre world record with a time of 43.18 seconds. The record still stands.