What happened this week in history

Ray Clemence EMN-150728-123647001
Ray Clemence EMN-150728-123647001

In 1100 - Henry I was crowned King in 
Westminster Abbey.

1305 - William 
Wallace, who led the Scottish resistance to England, was captured by the English near Glasgow and transported to London for trial and execution.

1583 - Sir Humphrey 
Gilbert established the first English colony in North 
America, at what is now St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador.

1620 - The Mayflower 
departed from Southampton, on its first attempt to reach North America.

1858 - The first trans-
Atlantic cable opened. Queen Victoria exchanged greetings with American President Buchanan.

1891 - The first American 
Express traveller’s cheque was cashed.

1925 - Plaid Cymru was formed with the aim of disseminating knowledge of the Welsh language, which was seen as in danger of dying out.

1926 - Harry Houdini 
performed his greatest feat, spending 91 minutes underwater in a sealed tank before escaping.

1936 - Jesse Owens won a gold medal in the 200m at the Berlin Olympics; his third in three days.

1957 - Newspaper comic strip “Andy Capp”, created by Reg Smythe, made its debut.

1960 - Burkina Faso, then known as Upper Volta, became independent from France.

1962 - Nelson Mandela was arrested and sentenced to life imprisonment, for attempting to overthrow the South African government.

1962 -Marilyn Monroe was found dead in her bed, with an empty bottle of sleeping tablets by her side.

1963 - Britain, USA and the USSR signed the nuclear test ban treaty, contracting to only test nuclear weapons underground.

1968 - Californian Governor Ronald Reagan announced his intention to run for President.

1970 - penalties were used in a tie break for the first time in English football.

1989 - The largest ever game of musical chairs took place, 8,238 people took part.

1998 - Solar-powered pay-and-display machines arrived in Britain’s car parks.