What happened this week in history

Mick Fleetwood EMN-150616-075728001
Mick Fleetwood EMN-150616-075728001

In 1441 - King Henry VII founded Eton College.

1540 - Kine Henry VIII divorced his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves.

1793 - The first Republican constitution in France was adopted.

1859 - Jean Henri Dunant witnessed suffering on the battlefield at Solfernio. His horror led him to set up the International Red Cross.

1902 - Edward VII had an emergency appendectomy; his coronation was postponed as a result.

1904 - The International Salvation Army Congress met for the first time.

1907 - The Prince of Wales became the first president of the All England Tennis Club.

1916 - Mary Pickford became the first female film star to sign a million dollar contract.

1916 - The Battle of the Somme began with a week-long artillery bombardment on the German Line.

1938 - Cricket was shown on television for the first time; the Second Test between England and Australia at Lord’s.

1939 - Siam was renamed Thailand by Plaek Pibulsonggram, the country’s third prime minister.

1946 - The Morris car company raised the price of a two-door saloon to £270.

1947 - The milk ration was cut to two and a half pints a week.

1947 - Kenneth Arnold made the first widely reported UFO sighting near Mount Rainier, Washington.

1981 - The Humber Bridge opened to traffic, connecting Yorkshire and Lincolnshire. It would be the world’s longest single-span suspension bridge for 17 years.

1983 - Sally Ride returned to earth, after becoming the first American woman in space.

1993 - The Republic of Ireland decriminilised homosexuality.

1998 - A 96-year-old Japanese woman become the oldest person ever to be jailed for murder.

2010 - Julia Gillard assumed office as the first female Prime Minister of Australia.

2012 - Lonesome George, the last known individual of Chelonoidis nigra abingdonii, a subspecies of the Galápagos tortoise, died.