1153 – Malcolm IV became King of Scotland.
1199 - John was crowned King of England.
1703 - Tsar Peter the Great founded the city of Saint Petersburg.
1849 - The Great Hall of Euston station in London was opened.
1863 - Broadmoor Prison was established.
1907 – Bubonic plague broke out in San Francisco.
1930 - Richard Drew invented masking tape.
1930 - The 1,046 feet (319 m) Chrysler Building in New York City, the tallest man-made structure at the time, opened to the public.
1937 - The Golden Gate Bridge opened to pedestrian traffic, creating a vital link between San Francisco and Marin County, California.
1941 - The German battleship Bismarck was sunk by the Royal Navy in the North Atlantic, killing almost 2,100 men.
1949 - Actress Rita Hayworth married Prince Aly Khan.
1955 - The Conservatives won the general election, under Sir Anthony Eden, with a clear majority, ending a five-year political stalemate.
1964 - Eleven boys were suspended from a school in Coventry for having Mick Jagger haircuts.
1964 - The UK’s third pirate radio station joined Radio Caroline and Radio Atlanta on the airwaves. Radio Sutch was operated by singer and later politician Screaming Lord Sutch.
1977 - Virgin released The Sex Pistols’ widely-banned single ‘God Save the Queen’.
1980 - The jury at the inquest of Blair Peach, the London teacher who died in a demonstration against the National Front the previous year, returned a verdict of misadventure.
1993 - Norman Lamont resigned from his post as Chancellor of the Exchequer.
1994 - Dissident writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn returned to his native Russia after 20 years of exile in the United States.
1998 - 18-year-old footballer Michael Owen became the youngest player ever to score for England, when he struck the winning goal in a match against Morocco.