What happened this week in history

Pontcysyllte Aqueduct opened in 1805 EMN-141118-123630001
Pontcysyllte Aqueduct opened in 1805 EMN-141118-123630001

1778 - In the Hawaiian Islands, Captain James Cook became the first European to visit Maui.

1789 - The first national Thanksgiving Day was 
observed in the United States as recommended by President George Washington.

1805 - Thomas Telford’s Pontcysyllte Aqueduct was officially opened, carrying the Llangollen canal 126 feet above the River Dee.

1863 - United States President Abraham Lincoln proclaimed November 26 as a national Thanksgiving Day, to be celebrated annually on the final Thursday of November. (Since 1941, it has been on the fourth Thursday).

1894 - Russian emperor Nicholas II married Alexandra Feodorovna at the Grand Church of the Winter Palace in St Petersburg.

1914 - Battleship HMS Bulwark exploded at Sheerness Harbour; 788 die.

1922 - Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon became the first people to enter the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamun in over 3000 years.

1944 - A German V-2 rocket hit a Woolworth’s shop in New Cross High Street in London killing 168 people.

1962 - Fab Four had their first recording session under the name Beatles.

1968 - The new Race Relations Act came into force, making it illegal to refuse housing, employment or public services to people because of their ethnic background.

1983 - 6,800 gold bars worth nearly £26 million were stolen from the Brink’s-MAT vault at Heathrow Airport. Despite a huge police investigation, most of the gold has never been recovered.

1992 - Major reforms in how royalty is funded in the UK were announced, including the Queen of England would now pay income tax.

1998 - Tony Blair became the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom to address the Oireachtas, the parliament of Ireland.

2003 - Concorde made its final flight, over Bristol.

2004 - The last Po’ouli (Black-faced honeycreeper) died of Avian malaria in the Maui Bird Conservation Center before it could breed, making the species in all probability extinct.