1555 - The English Parliament re-established Catholicism.
1847 - British physician Sir James Young Simpson became the first to use chloroform as an anaesthetic.
1859 - Jules Leotard performed the first Flying Trapeze circus act, in Paris. He also designed the garment that bears his name.
1905 - Norway held a referendum in favour of monarchy over republic.
1910 - The first movie stunt was performed - man jumped into the Hudson river from a burning balloon.
1912 - King George I of Greece made a triumphal entry into Thessaloniki after its liberation from 482 years of Ottoman rule.
1912 - The frozen bodies of explorer Robert Scott and his men were found on the Ross Ice Shelf in Antarctica.
1927 - Leon Trotsky was expelled from the Soviet Communist Party, leaving Joseph Stalin in undisputed control of the Soviet Union.
1932 - 24 people were killed when Lancashire’s Edge Green No 9 colliery exploded.
1933 - Hugh Gray took the first known photos alleged to be of the Loch Ness Monster.
1936 - Eugene O’Neill received the Nobel for literature.
1954 - New York’s main immigration point, Ellis Island, shut its doors after 62 years, having processed more than 12 million immigrants.
1968 - Equatorial Guinea joined the United Nations.
1980 - The NASA space probe Voyager I made its closest approach to Saturn, taking the first images of its rings.
1981 - The first balloon crossing of Pacific was completed, in the Double Eagle V.
1984 - It was announced the paper pound note would be phased out following the release of the new £1 coin, introduced in the April.
1990 - Tim Berners-Lee published a formal proposal for the World Wide Web.
1997 Ramzi Yousef was found guilty of masterminding the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Centre.
2003 - Shanghai Transrapid set a new world speed record, of 501 kilometres per hour or 311 mph, for commercial railway systems.