1605 - Gunpowder Plot: Guy Fawkes is arrested.
1854 - Crimean War: The Battle of Inkerman - British and French defeated Russian force of 50,000.
1889 - Louisa Woosley became the first women to be ordained as a minister in any Presbyterian denomination (US Cumberland Presbyterian Church).
1895 - Edward, Prince of Wales, (later Edward VII) said “We are all Socialists nowadays”
1914 - Britain declared war on Turkey and annexed Cyprus, occupied since 1878.
1916 - Emperors Wilhelm II (Germany) and Franz Jozef I (Austria-Hungary) established the kingdom of Poland.
1925 - Secret agent Sidney Reilly, the first “super-spy” of the 20th century, was executed by the OGPU, the secret police of the Soviet Union.
1935 - Parker Brothers launched game of Monopoly.
1937 - Adolf Hitler held a secret meeting and stated his plans for acquiring “living space” for the German people.
1941 - Singer Art Garfunkel was born in New York City.
1943 - World War II: The Vatican was bombed.
1952 - General Dwight D Eisenhower swept to victory in the American presidential elections, with the largest number of popular votes ever recorded for a presidential candidate.
1955 - After being destroyed in World War II, the rebuilt Vienna State Opera reopened with a performance of Beethoven’s Fidelio.
1956 - Britain and France landed forces in Egypt in reaction to the seizure of the Suez Canal.
1967 - The Hither Green rail crash killed 49 people. Survivors included Robin Gibb of the Bee Gees.
1987 - TV presenter Eamonn Andrews died of heart failure at the age of 64.
1991 - Publisher Robert Maxwell died; his body was found in the sea off the coast of Tenerife.
1994 - Space probe Ulyssus completed its first passage behind the Sun
2006 - Saddam Hussein was sentenced to death by hanging, by an Iraqi court.
2007 - China’s first lunar satellite, Chang’e 1 went into orbit around the Moon.