What happened this week in history

Orville Burrell, better known as Shaggy, celebrates his 46th birthday this week EMN-141014-112151001

Orville Burrell, better known as Shaggy, celebrates his 46th birthday this week EMN-141014-112151001

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1797 - The first parachute jump was made from a balloon above the Parc Monceau, Paris, by Andre-Jacques Garnerin.

1811 - Hungarian pianist and composer Franz Liszt was born in the village of Doborján.

1877 - The Blantyre mining disaster in Scotland killed 207 miners.

1878 - The first floodlit rugby match took place at the Yew Street Ground in Salford, when Broughton played Swinton.

1897 - The world’s first car dealership opened in London.

1906 - Post-Impressionist painter Paul Cezanne died of pneumonia at the age of 67, after being in a storm a few days earlier.

1909 - French aviator Elise Deroche became the first woman to make a solo flight.

1910 - Dr Hawley Crippen was found guilty of poisoning his wife; he was subsequently hanged at Pentonville Prison.

1930 - The BBC Symphony Orchestra gave their first public concert.

1938 - The photocopier was demonstrated for the first time, by Chester Carlson.

1960 - Cassius Clay, later known as Muhammed Ali, won his first fight as a professional boxer.

1962 - JFK announced Soviet missile bases had been installed in Cuba, signalling the start of the Cuban Missile Crisis.

1964 - Jean Paul Sartre rejected a Nobel Prize. He said it would reduce the impact of his writing.

1972 - England goalkeeper Gordon Banks damaged his eyesight in a car crash.

1975 - The Soviet unmanned space mission Venera 9 landed on Venus.

1976 - Keith Moon performed for the last time with The Who.

1978 - John Paul II was inaugurated as Pope.

1996 - Five people, including Chelsea FC vice-chairman Matthew Harding, were killed in a helicopter crash near Cheshire.

1996 - KGB master spy George Blake escaped from Wormwood Scrubs prison, where he was serving a 40-year sentence.

2000 - A cow was rescued from a tree in Taunton.