1520 - King Henry VIII ordered bowling lanes to be built at Whitehall in London.
1581 - The first major ballet was staged in Paris, at the request of Catherine de Medici.
1815 - Napoleon I of France began his exile on Saint Helena in the Atlantic Ocean.
1839 - Queen Victoria proposed to Prince Albert.
1888 - The “From Hell” letter sent by Jack the Ripper was received by investigators.
1917 - Dutch dancer and alleged spy Mata Hari was executed by the French after being found guilty of espionage during World War One.
1918 - Britain’s first oil well was inaugurated at Hardstoft in Derbyshire.
1928 - The airship, Graf Zeppelin completed its first trans-Atlantic flight, landing at Lakehurst, New Jersey.
1951 - The first Liberal party political broadcast was televised by the BBC.
1954 - William Golding’s ‘Lord of the Flies’ was published in Britain.
1964 - Screaming Lord Sutch began his political career by standing in a by-election for the Stratford-upon-Avon parliamentary seat, after the departure of Lord Profumo.
1965 - Jimi Hendrix signed his first recording contract.
1976 - The Sex Pistols signed to EMI Records for £40,000, but were dropped the following month.
1980 - James Callaghan resigned as Labour Party Leader.
1987 - The Great Storm of 1987 hit France and southern England, felling trees and destroying buildings. Thousands were left without power. At least 22 people were killed and a gust of 106 kn (196 km/h; 122 mph) was recorded in Gorleston, Norfolk.
1990 - Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to lessen Cold War tensions and open up his nation.
1991 - The tallest sandcastle was built - measuring 19.5ft.
1993 - Nelson Mandela and F W de Clerk shared the Nobel Peace Prize.
1995 - A bridge linking the Isle of Skye to the Scottish mainland was opened.