1085 - St Mark’s Cathedral in Venice was consecrated.
1829 - Stephenson’s The Rocket won The Rainhill Trials.
1835 - Charles Darwin reached James Island in the Galapagos archipelago, aboard HMS Beagle.
1871 - The Great Fire of Chicago started when a cow kicked over a lantern in a dairy barn.
1905 - A permanent waving machine was used for the first time, by Charles Nessler.
1932 - The London Philharmonic Orchestra gave its first concert, under creator Sir Thomas Beecham.
1949 - Actress Sigourney Weaver was born. Her real name is Susan, but she changed it after reading ‘The Great Gatsby’.
1952 - A three-train rail disaster at Harrow killed 112 passengers and injured more than 200.
1957 - ‘Great Balls of Fire’ was recorded by Jerry Lee Lewis.
1962 - Elizabeth Lane became Britain’s first female judge.
1964 - Ringo Starr passed his driving test.
1965 - London’s Post Office Tower opened and became the tallest building in England
1967 - A breathalyser was used for the first time, on a motorist in Somerset.
1967 - Former Prime Minister Clement Atlee died, aged 84.
1971 - John Lennon released his megahit “Imagine”.
1973 - LBC (London Broadcasting Corporation) - Britain’s first legal commercial radio station - began transmitting.
1978 - Australian Ken Warby set a water speed record of 319.627mph.
1980 - British Leyland launched the Mini Metro.
1982 - Poland banned Solidarity and all trade unions.
1990 - Pele came out of retirement to play in a friendly against Italy.
1991 - Croatia voted to sever constitutional relations with Yugoslavia, rendering the country fully independent.
2003 - Film star Arnold Schwarzenegger was elected governor of California.
2005 - An earthquake in Kashmir killed around 80,000 people.