1776 - The St leger horse race was run for the first time, at Doncaster.
1852 - French engineer Henri Giffaud made his first flight in a dirigible balloon, from Paris to Trappe.
1890 - The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints officially renounces polygamy.
1896 - American novelist F. Scott Fitzgerald was born. He was named after his distant relative, Francis Scott Key, who wrote ‘The Star Spangled Banner’.
1911 - His Majesty’s Airship No. 1, Britain’s first rigid airship, was wrecked by strong winds before her maiden flight at Barrow-in-Furness.
1916 - Naturalist John Burroughs claimed watching films deprived people of brain power.
1920 - Russian goldsmith Peter Carl Faberge - famous for his ‘eggs’ - died in Switzerland, aged 74.
1932 - Gandhi and Dr. B. R. Ambedkar agreed to the Poona Pact, which reserved seats in the Indian provincial legislatures for the “Depressed Classes” (Untouchables).
1936 - Creator of ‘The Muppets’ and ‘Sesame Street’, Jim Henson, was born. He never thought he would make a name for himself in puppetry - it was just a way to get himself into television.
1946 - Cathay Pacific Airways was founded in Hong Kong.
1948 - The Honda Motor Company was founded.
1953 - The Robe, the first Cinemascope film, premiered in Hollywood.
1957 - BBC Television for Schools began.
1960 - The first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, the USS Enterprise, was launched at Newport, Virginia.
1962 - Comedian Jack Dee and former footballer Ally McCoist were born.
1968 – Swaziland joined the United Nations.
1975 - British mountaineers Dougal Haston and Doug Scott became the first to reach Mount Everest’s summit via the south-west face.
1979 - CompuServe launched the first consumer internet service, which featured the first public electronic mail service.
1982 - Swedish Tennis star Bjorn Borg retired - at the age of 26.