1784 - The first balloon ascent in Britain was made, by James Tytler in Edinburgh.
1883 - An eruption on Krakatoa blew up most of the island.
1896 - England defeated Zanzibar in a 38-minute war (9.02am - 9.40am).
1900 - The first regular long-distance bus service began. It ran from London to Leeds and took two days.
1910 - Thomas Edison demonstrated moving pictures for the first time, at his New Jersey laboratory.
1910 - Mother Teresa was born Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu in Albania.
1912 - Edgar Rice Burroughs published “Tarzan of the Apes”.
1913 - Lieutenant Peter Nesterov, a Russian pilot, became the first person to perform the loop-the-loop.
1939 - The first jet-propelled aircraft, the Heinkel 178, made its maiden flight.
1950: The BBC transmitted the first ever live television pictures across the Channel, with a two-hour programme broadcast from Calais to mark the centenary of the first message sent by submarine telegraph cable from England to France.
1958 - The National Aeronautics and Space Agency (NASA) was set up to direct American space exploration.
1966 - Francis Chichester set off from Plymouth to become the first old-age pensioner to sail around the world single-handed.
1967 - Beatles manager Brian Epstein died of an overdose, in London, after a long period of depression.
1975 - Haile Selassie, Ethiopian Emperor, died. He was given an imperial-style funeral in 2000 and is worshipped as God incarnate among followers of the Rastafari movement.
1979 - Lord Louis Mountbatten, along with three others, was murdered by the IRA, who planted a bomb in his fishing boat, the Shadow V, at Mullaghmore, County Sligo, in Ireland.
1981 - Moira Stuart was appointed the BBC’s first black woman newsreader.
1985 - Mary Joe Fernandez became the youngest winner of a US Tennis Open match at 14 years and 8 days.