What happened this week in history

William Booth EMN-141208-144817001
William Booth EMN-141208-144817001
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1866 - President Andrew Johnson formally declared the American Civil War was over.

1884 - Gloves were used in a boxing match for the first time.

1896 - The dial telephone was patented.

1908 - King Leopald of Belgium handed over the Congo to the Belgian state. He had previously held it in private possession.

1912 - William Booth, founder of the Salvation Army, died at the age of 83.

1924 - British sprinter Eric Liddel refused to run in the 100m heats at the Paris Olympics as they fell on a Sunday.

1927 - Stanley Baldwin visited Canada, the first time an British Prime minister had visited a dominion while still in office.

1940 - After three months of the Battle of Britain, Prime Minister Winston Churchill made the fourth of his famous wartime speeches. Paying tribute to the RAF his speech contained the now famous line: “Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few.””.

1963 - The TV news in wales was read by a woman for the first time.

1971 - Prince Charles got his wings at RAF Cranwell.

1980 - Otto Frank, father of young diarist Anne Frank and sole family survivor of the Holocaust, died in Switzerland at the age of 91.

1989 - At 2am, the Marchioness disaster took place on the Thames; 51 people drowned when the pleasure boat sunk after being hit by a dredger.

1991 - Estonia formally declared its independence from the USSR.

1993 - Colin Jackson set a new world record for 110m hurdles (12.91). The record stood for more than a decade.

1999 - Zoe Ball married Norman Cook, aka Fatboy Slim - at a registry office in Bath.

2009 - Lockerbie Bomber Abdelbaset Ali al-Megrahi was released from prison on compassionate grounds after being diagnosed with terminal cancer. He had been ordered to serve a life sentence in 2001 after being found guilty of the bombing of Pan Am flight 103 in 1988, which killed 270 people.