1827 - The first giraffe arrived in Britain, the showcase of King George IV’s private zoo at the Sandpit Gate in Windsor Great Park.
1868 - Earthquakes killed more than 25,000 people and destroyed four cities in Peru and Ecuador.
1899 - ‘Master of Suspense’ Alfred Hitchcock was born in Leytonstone, Essex.
1910 - Florence Nightingale died in London’s Park Lane at the age of 90.
1913 - Stainless steel was produced for the first time, by English metallurgist Harry Brearley.
1927 - The BBC broadcast its first Promenade Concert, from Queen’s Hall.
1942 - ‘Bambi’, Walt Disney’s fifth full-length animated film, was released at cinemas.
1960 - The Central African Republic declared independence from France.
1961 - The German Democratic Republic began building what they called ‘the anti-fascist protection wall’. It later became known as the Berlin Wall.
1964 - The last hangings in Britain took place. Peter Allen and Gwynne Evans were executed for the Murder of John Alan West. Allen at Walton Prison in Liverpool and Owen at Strangeways in Manchester.
1966 - The Cultural Revolution began in China with a mass rally in Peking.
1971 - John Lennon flew to New York from Heathrow Airport. He never set foot on British soil again.
1977 - Police used riot shields for the first time on the British mainland, at an anti-fascist demonstration in Lewisham.
1985 - A three-year-old boy become the world’s youngest heart and lung transplant patient. Jamie Gavin, from Ireland, had the four-hour operation at Harefield Hospital in Middlesex
1991 - Prince Charles resigned as the patron of the National Museum of Scotland, in protest at its new design.
1998 - Holocaust victims were paid £800 million compensation by Swiss banks.
2012 - The London Olympics closing ceremony took place and the games were officially handed over to the next host city, Rio de Janeiro.